Trevino RP, Yin Z, Hernandez A, Hale DE, Garcia OA, Mobley C. (2004). Impact of the Bienestar School-Based Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Program on Fasting Capillary Glucose Levels. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 158, 911-917.
|Purpose||School-based program designed to promote healthy dietary habits and increase physical activity among elementary school students. (2004)|
|Program Focus||Behavior Modification|
|Population Focus||School Children|
|Topic||Physical Activity, Diet/Nutrition|
|Age||Children (0-10 years)|
|Race/Ethnicity||Asian, Black, not of Hispanic or Latino origin, Hispanic or Latino|
|Setting||Home-based, School-based, Urban/Inner City|
|Funded by||NIDDK (Grant number(s): DK59213)|
|User Reviews||(Be the first to write a review for this program)|
Twenty-seven elementary schools were randomized to the Bienestar Health Program or to the control group. All students attending Bienestar schools received the intervention, however outcome data were collected only for children with completed consent (N = 1,419). Bienestar was delivered over seven months and included health and physical activity classes, after-school sessions, parent activities, and a food service program to increase fruit and vegetable consumption and decrease fatty food consumption at lunch. Surveys measured fasting capillary glucose levels, body fat, physical fitness scores, dietary fiber intake, and energy from saturated fat at baseline and immediately following intervention delivery.
- No statistically significant differences in body fat or energy intake from saturated fat (%).
- Bienestar students had decreased fasting capillary glucose levels (-0.20 mg/dL) and students in the control schools had increased levels (+0.52 mg/dL).
- Bienestar students increased their physical fitness scores by 1.81 points, whereas control students decreased their fitness scores by -0.73 points.
- Bienestar students consumed more dietary fiber than their control counterparts. Bienestar students increased their level of dietary fiber consumption by 0.38 grams while the control group decreased its level by -0.15 grams of dietary fiber.
Trevino RP, Hernandez AE, Yin Z, Garcia OA, Hernandez I. (2005). Effect of the Bienestar Health Program on Physical Fitness in Low-Income Mexican American Children. Hispanic Health Care International, 27 (1), 120-132.
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