Buller DB, Morrill C, Taren D, Aickin M, Sennott-Miller L, Buller MK, Larkey L, Alatorre C, Wentzel. (1999). Randomized Trial Testing the Effect of Peer Education at Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Intake. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 91(17), 1491-1499.
5 A Day Peer Education Program
|Program Title||5 A Day Peer Education Program|
|Purpose||Worksite program designed to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. (1999)|
|Program Focus||Behavior Modification|
|Age||Adults (40-65 years), Young Adults (19-39 years)|
|Race/Ethnicity||American Indian, Black, not of Hispanic or Latino origin, Hispanic or Latino, White, not of Hispanic or Latino origin|
|Funded by||NCI (Grant number(s): CA59726)|
|User Reviews||(Be the first to write a review for this program)|
Participants were non-managerial, labor, and trade blue-collar employees in Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona. Participants averaged 42 years of age and were represented as follows: 43% Hispanic; 46% White; 75% male; and 17% with an associate or bachelor's degree. Peer health educators averaged 41 years of age and were represented as follows: 71% male; 53% Hispanic; 36% White; and 19% with an associate's degree.
Ninety-three informal social networks, or "cliques" with 1007 employees were randomly assigned to receive the 5 A Day Peer Education program delivered in context of a formal work-site nutrition program (experimental), or the General 5 A Day worksite nutrition education program (control). From each clique randomized to the peer education group, one employee was identified through network analysis as highly central within the clique's communication environment and was recruited to be the peer educator. Peer educators participated in 16 hours of training and eight two-hour in-service sessions. Peer educators provided their co-workers with a monthly 5 A Day Guidebook and a small gift (e.g., water bottle, recipe books, vegetable seeds) and a newsletter every other month. Peer educators were expected to spend two hours each week discussing eating fruits and vegetables with their co-workers. Outcomes measures were collected at baseline, posttest, and at a 6-month follow-up.
- Results indicated:
Employees receiving the peer education program increased their total daily servings of fruits and vegetables compared to employees in the control arm by 1.01 servings.
- At 6-month follow up, and according to the 24-hour intake recall measure, total daily servings of fruits and vegetables remained higher for employees in the peer education program compared to employees in the control arm.
- At 6-month follow-up, employees in the peer education arm increased their awareness of the 5-A-Day program, knowledge of the 5-A-Day concept and the number of daily servings considered appropriate, and their positive attitudes toward fruit and vegetable intake compared to employees in the control arm.
Buller D, Buller MK, Larkey L, Sennott-Miller L, Taren D, Aickin M, Wentzel TM, Morrill C. (2000). Implementing a 5 A Day Peer Health Educator Program for Public Sector Labor and Trade Employees. Health Education and Behavior, 27(2), 232-240.
Larkey LK, Alatorre C, Buller DB, Morrill C, Buller MK, Taren D, Sennott-Miller L. (1999). Communication Strategies for Dietary Change in a Worksite Peer Educator Intervention. Health Education Research, 14(6), 777-790.
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