Kentucky Adolescent Tobacco Prevention Project

Program Title Kentucky Adolescent Tobacco Prevention Project
Purpose Designed to prevent tobacco use among adolescents living in high tobacco production areas. (1998)
Program Focus Tobacco Use Prevention
Population Focus High risk individuals
Topic Tobacco Control
Age Adolescents (11-18 years)
Gender Female, Male
Race/Ethnicity Black, not of Hispanic or Latino origin, White, not of Hispanic or Latino origin
Setting School-based
Origination United States
Funded by NCI (Grant number(s): CA48625)
User Reviews (Be the first to write a review for this program)
RTIPs Scores
This program has been rated by external peer reviewers. Learn more about RTIPs program review ratings.
Research Integrity
Intervention Impact
Dissemination Capability
(1.0 = low    5.0 = high)
RE-AIM Scores
Beginning in 2012, new programs are scored on RE-AIM criteria. This program was posted prior to the inclusion of RE-AIM scores and does not have these scores included. Click on the information icon next to "RE-AIM Scores" above to learn more about RE-AIM.

The Need

In the area of tobacco prevention, a high-risk group that has not been widely studied is youth who live in tobacco-raising areas. Rural youth, youth residing in tobacco-raising households, and young people who personally raise tobacco are at elevated risk for tobacco use. Because these young people begin tobacco use very early, they have high usage rates, and will be major contributors to increased future morbidity and mortality due to tobacco use. Programs effective in preventing tobacco use among this group are sorely needed.

Back to Top

The Program

The program aims to prevent tobacco use among adolescents living in high tobacco production areas through a social-influences intervention. The Kentucky Adolescent Prevention Project is a 6-session program that includes: skills training (learning to recognize types of peer pressure, refusal skills, and assertiveness); recognizing and countering advertising appeals; and use of trained peer leaders. In the program, students pledge not to use tobacco and they learn about the negative consequences for using tobacco, including immediate physical consequences. Special attention is given to such undesirable social consequences as stained teeth, bad breath, and holes burned in clothes. The program also includes three booster sessions to reinforce earlier concepts.

Back to Top

Time Required

Each of the six sessions lasts 45 to 50 minutes.

Back to Top

Intended Audience

Participants were middle school youth from 19 rural schools in Kentucky residing in counties that produce an average of 7.7 million pounds of tobacco annually. The average age of the participants was 12.4 years; 92% of the sample was White and 6% were Black.

Back to Top

Suitable Settings

This intervention is suitable for a school setting.

Back to Top

Required Resources

The Kentucky Adolescent Tobacco Prevention Project curriculum, with six sessions for delivery in Grade 7 and three booster sessions for delivery in Grade 8, is required. The training outline for teachers and the Peer Leader Manual is also required.

Three videotapes were used in the intervention though they are not required for its implementation. If desired, the videos may be acquired from the following sources:

  • "If I'm Lying, I'm Dying (A Program About Smoking)" from Disney Educational Productions: 1-800-295-5010. $79+ $7.50 s/h. 2-3 wk. delivery.
  • "Big Dipper" from InterVision Media: 1-800-678-3455. $59.95 +$7.50 s/h. Shipped UPS ground.
  • "Stand Up for Yourself - Peer Pressure and Drugs" from SVE: 1-800-829-1900. Cost: $79.95 + $5.60 s/h. Shipped FedEx Ground.
Back to Top

About the Study

For the intervention study, 19 schools were randomly assigned to receive the educational intervention, Kentucky Adolescent Tobacco Prevention Project, or health education classes as usual. Participants in the intervention group received six sessions of social-influences program in the seventh grade and three booster sessions in the eighth grade. The seventh grade sessions were delivered by trained classroom teachers, and the booster sessions were delivered by trained educators who were part of the research staff. In addition to youths' self-reports on smokeless tobacco and cigarette use, samples of expired air were tested for carbon monoxide.

Results indicated:

  • One year after delivery of the booster sessions, youth in the intervention group had lower 24-hour, 7-day, and 30-day smoking, compared to youth in the control group.
    Graph of Study Results
  • Among the subset of youth directly involved in raising tobacco, intervention effects were even stronger for 24-hour, 7-day, and 30-rates. Differences between the treatment and control groups were 23%, 21%, and 23% respectively for 24-hour, 7-day, and 30-day smoking. For youth involved in tobacco raising, these differences increased to 30%, 25%, and 29%, respectively.
  • No program effects were seen for smokeless tobacco.
    Back to Top

    User Reviews (0 Reviews)

    (Be the first to write a review for this program) Back to Top
    Last Modified: 04/16/2013
    • View Notes

    Use this area to take notes about how this program might work for you. Read More about RE-AIM.


    Absolute number, proportion and representativeness of individuals who participate in the program.

    (Max. 8 characters)

    (Max. 8 characters)
    (No max # of characters)
    (No max # of characters)


    Impact on important outcomes, including potential negative effects, quality of life and economic factors.

    (No max # of characters)
    (No max # of characters)
    (No max # of characters)


    Absolute number, proportion and representativeness of settings and intervention agents willing and able to initiate the program.

    (No max # of characters)


    At the setting level- refers to the fidelity to the various elements of an intervention's protocol, including consistency of delivery as intended and the time and cost of the intervention. At the individual level- refers to clients' use of the intervention strategies.

    (No max # of characters)


    Please note that RE-AIM stands for Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance. However, since ?Maintenance? occurs after a program has been implemented, a notes section for this is not included as a part of this tool.