Frequently Asked Questions
A: The Research-tested Intervention Programs (RTIPs) website is one of several resources on the Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. portal. The RTIPs website is a searchable database of evidence-based cancer control programs and related materials and it is designed to provide program planners and public health practitioners easy and immediate access to research-tested materials. Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), RTIPs provides a review of evidence-based programs available for use in a community or clinical setting.
A: Research-tested means that the program was tested in a research study and has findings that have been published in a peer-reviewed journal. A program may not demonstrate the same level of efficacy or effectiveness if it is not appropriately adapted to the local context. Please refer to the Program Adaptation Guidelines for guidance on how to adapt the evidence-based practice to your setting and target population.
A: To be featured on this website, each evidence-based program (spanning the topics of tobacco control, physical activity, sun safety, breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening, informed decision making for cancer screening, diet/nutrition, obesity, survivorship/supportive care, public health genomics, and HPV vaccination) must have been published in a peer-reviewed journal; produced one or more positive behavioral and/or psychosocial outcomes (p≤.05) among individuals, communities, or populations; evidence of outcomes must be demonstrated in at least one research study, using an experimental or quasi-experimental design; and, unless otherwise copyrighted by the program developer, all evidence-based programs make available the products or materials that include English that were used in the research study for the larger cancer control community; and the research study had been conducted within the last 10 years.
A: RTIPs neither endorses nor recommends any of the products, processes, or services listed. Rather, the information is provided to help you make an informed decision about the best program options to meet your cancer control needs. The views and opinions of authors expressed on this website do not necessarily state nor reflect those of the U.S. Government, and they may not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.
Some evidence-based programs on the RTIPs website may be designated as model programs by other Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. partners (e.g. CDC). RTIPs provides this information to the user and a link to that agency's website so that the user can determine the exact meaning of such a designation.
A: Please see the outcomes matrix for the required outcomes evaluated for a given RTIPs topic area.
A: This site provides a consumer-reports-like list of evidence-based programs that have been reviewed by a panel of topic experts in the field. Programs are rated on 3 criteria which include the following: research integrity, intervention impact, and dissemination capability. For more detailed information, please refer to the program ratings.
A: You will want to consider the population served in the original research setting, the environment in which the research was conducted, and the method of delivery. For further guidance in adapting an evidence-based program to the local community context, two resources are available on-line: Program Adaptation Guidelines, which is an assessment checklist and Putting Public Health Evidence in Action, which is an interactive training curriculum.
A: RTIPs-listed programs have been shown to be effective in the populations and settings in which they were studied. It is more likely to ensure success from the adoption and/or adaptation of an evidence-based program, which has been systematically tested in the field, than to create a new program for the same population delivered in the same setting.
When no evidence-based programs are available to meet your comprehensive cancer control needs (in terms of populations or settings), then creating a new program may be the best solution. However, in creating the new program, it would be wise to consider:
A: The RE-AIM Scoring Instrument (see RE-AIM Scoring) consists of 22 items within 4 dimensions: Reach (5 items), Effectiveness (3 items), Adoption (6 items), and Implementation (8 items). Each item is scored "Yes," "No," or "Not Applicable (N/A)" based on the presence or absence of information reported in the main outcome study (or studies). The RE-AIM score for each dimension, expressed as a percentage of 100, is calculated by dividing the number of "Yes" responses by the sum of "Yes" and "No" responses (using only the items within the dimension being scored). "N/A" responses are excluded from the calculation. For more information, please refer to RE-AIM Scoring.
For evidence-based programs with more than one main outcome study, percentage scores for each dimension are calculated separately for each study and then averaged across studies using the formulas below:
To obtain the mean percentage score for two studies:
(Study 1 + Study 2)/2 = Mean Percentage Score
To obtain the mean percentage score for three studies:
(Study 1 + Study 2 + Study 3)/3 = Mean Percentage Score
For more information on the RE-AIM model, please visit the RE-AIM website.
A: A readability score is the grade level you need to have completed to be able to read the text. Pros and cons of readability formulas.
A: Readability formulas measure the grade level that a person must have completed in order to read a text. You can use them to assess if a text will be too hard for your reader. Readability is measured without actual readers. Readability formulas can NOT tell you if a person will understand the text. Nor can they measure the complexity of a word or phrase's meaning. Specific readability measures.
A: Yes, evidence-based programs will be added to this website on an ongoing basis. As cancer control intervention studies are published in peer-reviewed journals, they will be identified as potential submissions to the RTIPs database of evidence-based programs. Initially, programs will be released by topic area in conjunction with the release of evidence from the systematic review of intervention approaches (see Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. Research Synthesis) that are available for those topics.
A: If your evidence-based cancer control program meets all of the inclusion criteria listed below, please visit the on-line program registration form (http://rtips.cancer.gov/rtips/register/index.do) to submit the information regarding your program for further consideration for the RTIPs website.Inclusion criteria:
If your program does not meet these criteria but you would like to find out how it might, please contact RTIPs@mail.nih.gov for more information.
A: Recently, we enhanced the usability of our website and modified the inclusion criteria for programs on the site. Programs were considered for archiving if they met any of the following criteria:
If the evidence-based program no longer meets the criteria, it has been removed from the active website and transferred to the RTIPs archival website (http://rtips.cancer.gov/rtips/archive.do).
A: Unless an evidence-based program's materials are only available for order through the program developer's website, for which a link is provided on RTIPs, you may order one complete set of program products (e.g. print, audio, video material) for free on CD-ROM or download them if you have the computer capacity and telecommunications bandwidth to do so. Simply click on the "Preview, Download, Order" link below the program materials pictured on the website; this will bring you to the page which will help you to complete your order or download. If ordering, a CD-ROM will be shipped to you within 7-10 business days. If you do not have the capability to print from CD-ROM, your CD can be taken to any local print shop for paper copies.
A: At this time, the evidence-based program summary is not formatted to be downloaded/printed as a PDF but we are in the process of exploring how to make this possible. Certain browsers will allow you to download the program as a PDF (e.g., Google Chrome) while others require users to install a PDF printer.
A: No, RTIPs product materials in PDF format are not Section 508 compliant. However, should a user require such material to be made accessible, a written request may be sent by using the "Contact Us" link: http://rtips.cancer.gov/rtips/contact.do. The requested product materials will be made accessible and provided directly to the recipient as efficiently as possible.
A: For products which are available for download on the RTIPs website, the program's primary contact and/or Principal Investigator has approved the dissemination of their materials for non-commercial purposes.
A: Suggested citation for general information about RTIPs website:
Research-tested Interventions Programs website. National Cancer Institute and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. http://rtips.cancer.gov/rtips/. Last Updated: MM/DD/YYYY [refer to footer at the bottom of web page]. Accessed on: MM/DD/YYYY
Sample web citation for a specific RTIPs program:
The Forsyth County Cancer Screening Project (FoCaS) on Research-tested Interventions Programs website. National Cancer Institute and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. http://rtips.cancer.gov/rtips/programDetails.do?programId=141840. Last updated: MM/DD/YYYY [refer to footer at the bottom of web page]. Accessed on: MM/DD/YYYY.