Block the Sun, Not the Fun
|Program Title||Block the Sun, Not the Fun|
|Purpose||Designed to enhance and promote sun protective behaviors at child care centers. (1999)|
|Program Focus||Awareness building and Behavior Modification|
|Population Focus||Sun-exposed individuals|
|Age||Children (0-10 years)|
|Race/Ethnicity||White, not of Hispanic or Latino origin|
|Setting||Day care / Preschool|
|Funded by||NCI (Grant number(s): CA59202)|
The program aims to improve sun protection of children through day care staff while at child care centers. Other goals include improving the sun protection of children by their parents and educating children about sun protection. The intervention consisted of two components:
1) Workshops with day care and preschool staff members which include the following:
- A dermatologist's presentation on the relationship between sun exposure and skin cancer
- A presentation and question-and-answer period with a Department of Social Services licensing administrator
- A session for developing a skin cancer prevention plan
- Participation in children's activities promoting sun protection
2) Parent packets that include brochures and learning activities to do with children
Community Preventive Services Task Force Finding
About the Study
The intervention was evaluated in a randomized control trial of 27 preschools and day care centers. Thirteen centers participated in the intervention, while 14 were assigned to a wait-list control group.
- At pre-test, 23% of the directors in the intervention group reported they applied sunscreen year round while 50% of them reported doing so at post-test (p<0.004).
- At post-test, 100% of school directors in the intervention group vs. 57% in the control group (p<.05) reported sending sun protection materials home with parents.
- At post-test, 100% of school directors in the intervention group vs. 64% in the control group (p<0.05) reported they intended to apply sunscreen to children's exposed skin on sunny days when snow was on the ground.
- At post-test, school directors in the intervention group scored significantly (p<0.01) better on an assessment of sun protection knowledge and attitudes.
- At post-test, parents in the intervention and control groups did not differ in sun protective practices for their children or on sun protection knowledge and attitudes.
School Directors Reporting Year-Round Sunscreen Application
Directors Reporting Sending Sun Protection Materials Home With Parents
Crane, L.A., Schneider, L.S., Yohn, J.J., Morelli, J.G., & Plomer, K.D. (1999). Block the sun, not the fun: Evaluation of a skin cancer prevention program for child care centers. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 17, 31-37.